Popov D.D., Popova V.A. Linguistic Personology – Potential in Phonoscopic Expertise

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.8

Dimitar D. Popov

Doctor of Sciences, Professor, Department of Bulgarian Language, Konstantin
Preslavsky University of Shumen, Universitetska St., 115, 9700 Shumen, Bulgaria

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5998-6263

Velka A. Popova

Doctor of Sciences, Professor, Department of Bulgarian Language, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

Universitetska St., 115, 9700 Shumen, Bulgaria

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6222-2416


Abstract. The study attempts to justify the development of linguistic personology in Bulgaria as an interdisciplinary scientific paradigm, which comprises theoretical foundations of psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, anthropological linguistics, linguistic pragmatics, semiotics and phonоstylistics. The applied aspect of the approach consists in describing speaker's physiognomic expressions and speech markers, and their anthropological characteristics, which enable researchers to present a speech profile of the respective person through two parameters: their personal identity and personal voice with its unique inherent features. Linguistic personology through speech as an autonomous interdisciplinary research paradigm, serves in forensic (phonoscopic) expertise for the speakers' characteristics diagnostics, considering typical voice peculiarities. The approach studies speaker's verbal behaviour and distinctive features of his or her personal identity signaled by personal voice expression measured through linguistic (phonoscopic) expertise. Linguistic personology through speech is a unique method of personality typization as well as characterizing the speaker based on the analysis of his / her specific pronunciation and voice transformation, used in the field of forensic phonetics. It is proposed to supplement the expert assessment with the results of acoustic analysis of voice samples, as well as their perception, for more objective identification of matching linguistic data. The article represents speech excerpts, the acoustic images of which demonstrate audio-and-visual comprehension of gender differentiation of speakers, whose voices indicate that the recipients belong to the diagnosed group of men, women or transvestites.

Key words: linguopersonology, phonoscopic expertise, speaker profile, voice expression, identification of personality, identification of speaker, forensic phonetics.

Citation. Popov D.D., Popova V.A. Linguistic Personology – Potential in Phonoscopic Expertise. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 89-101. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.8

Creative Commons License
Linguistic Personology – Potential in Phonoscopic Expertise by Popov D.D., Popova V.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Attachments:
Download this file (8_Popov_Popova.pmd.pdf) 8_Popov_Popova.pmd.pdf
URL: https://l.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/2164
54 Downloads