Gogichev Ch.G. Denotation of Idioms and Its Cognitive Processing

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2017.3.25

Chermen G. Gogichev

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages no. 2, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Stremyannyy Lane, 36, 117997 Moscow, Russian Federation

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Abstract. This article examines the role of idioms representing the class "human" in various cognitive models. Propositional cognitive models – frames and propositions – are considered as the major cognitive systems that include phraseological categories. Other cognitive models – metaphor and metonymy – are considered as technical means of realizing the process of building new categories at the lower levels of the conceptual system. The article proves that an idiomatic category relates to a cluster of cognitive models consisting, for example, of a frame and an evaluation stereotype or a proposition and an evaluation stereotype, etc. Within these complexes the process of recategorization takes place. Located at the subordinate level of categorization, the classes expressed by idioms are a product of interaction with special constructs – categorizing concepts, whose function is to develop the categories of basic or superordinate level in the process of enriching their semantic structure with additional properties. The result of interaction is recategorization of the object and forming of a subordinate category. The author concludes that most idioms of the class "human" express different social roles and functions of a human in the frame "Social relations". In addition, simple propositions are widely represented, as well as the features that characterize the appearance of a person and form positive and negative evaluative stereotypes.

Key words: denotation, idiom, category, cognitive model, frame, proposition, evaluative stereotype, categorization.

Citation. Gogichev Ch.G. Denotation of Idioms and Its Cognitive Processing. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2017, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 235-247. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2017.3.25

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