Litvinova T.A., Gromova A.V. Current Problems of Forensic Authorship Analysis and the Possibility of Their Solution with the Use of Computer Methods: Problems and Prospects

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.7

Tatyana A. Litvinova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Head of the Research Laboratory of Corpus Idiolectology, Voronezh State Pedagogical University

Lenina St., 86, 394043 Voronezh, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6019-3700

Anastasiya V. Gromova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Deputy Head of the Department of Forensic Linguistic and Authorship Examination of Spoken and Written Text, Head of the Subdepartment of Forensic Linguistic and Authorship Text Examination, Forensic Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

Zoi i Aleksandra Kosmodemyanskikh St., 5, 125130 Moscow, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8255-5680


Abstract. Active development of Internet communication in recent years caused an increase in the number of forensic text examinations aimed at identifying and profiling (i.e. inferring gender, age, personality, etc. of the author from textual analysis) the author of written texts. Despite the availability of proven methodological recommendations for the production of such examinations, in this area there are many unresolved problems associated mainly with the emergence of new research objects. In addition, the existing expert practice does not fully utilize the achievements of corpus, computer, and quantitative linguistics. In this situation, there is a gap between the "qualitative" and "quantitative" methods of textual authorship analysis, which hinders further development of both theoretical research in the area of authorship attribution and profiling and an increase in the level of objectivity and reproducibility of forensic authorship analysis. The paper represents some typical tasks solved by a forensic expert; describes the characteristics of the objects of forensic authorship analysis, and determines the main difficulties forensic experts face in the course of this analysis. The possibilities of using existing computer methods to solve these tasks are analyzed. It is shown that not all the existing computer methods are useful for forensic authorship analysis. We also highlight the ways of development of forensic authorship analysis related to further theoretical research in the field of idiolect using corpus data and natural language processing techniques.

Key words: forensic authorship analysis, authorship attribution, authorship profiling, computational linguistics, text corpora, stylometry.

Citation. Litvinova T.A., Gromova A.V. Current Problems of Forensic Authorship Analysis and the Possibility of Their Solution with the Use of Computer Methods: Problems and Prospects. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 77-88. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.7

Creative Commons License
Current Problems of Forensic Authorship Analysis and the Possibility of Their Solution with the Use of Computer Methods: Problems and Prospects by Litvinova T.A., Gromova A.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Attachments:
Download this file (7_Litvinova_Gromova.pmd.pdf) 7_Litvinova_Gromova.pmd.pdf
URL: https://l.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/2161
65 Downloads