Matytsina M.S. Critical Discourse Analysis: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.17

Marina S. Matytsina

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages, Lipetsk State Technical University

Moskovskaya St., 30, 398055 Lipetsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6102-4397 


Abstract. The article is devoted to formation and development of discourse analysis as an effective method to study functional aspects of political communication in global political space. It reports on main theoretical and methodological approaches to critical analysis of political discourse. Mainly, it deals with theoretical and methodological perspectives of three leading schools of critical discourse analysis: discourse analysis of N. Fairclough, that presents a relational approach to considering social problems in their relation to textual analysis; socio-cognitive theory of T.A. van Dijk, oriented to investigating relations between cognitive structures, discourse and social coordination; discourse analysis of R. Wodak, that uses historical approach to discourse and is aimed at description of powerful language of the elite that helps to maintain dominance in society. The paper characterizes some frameworks of critical analysis of political discourse, including the Duisburg School of Critical Discourse Analysis (S. Jäger, F. Maier), System-Functional and Social-Semiotic Theory (M. Halliday, T. van Leeuwen), and Mediated Discourse Analysis (R. Scollon, S. Scollon). It is stated that within its boundaries critical discourse analysis includes a variety of approaches, analytical tools and methodologies. The author underlines that scientific consideration of critical discourse analysis will demonstrate its potential and prospects for integrating this interdisciplinary qualitative methodology into a set of empirical tools of modern political science.

Key words: political discourse, critical discourse analysis, discursive practices, critical linguistics, political communication.

Citation. Matytcina M.S. Critical Discourse Analysis: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 206-216. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.17

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