Bitkeeva A.N., Wingender M., Mikhalchenko V.Yu. Language Prognosis and Language Diversity in the Russian Federation: Sociolinguistic Aspect

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.1

Aysa N. Bitkeeva

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Bolshoy Kislovskiy Lane, 1/1, 125009 Moscow, Russia

Head of the Department of Oriental Languages, Moscow State Pedagogical University

Prosp. Vernadskogo, 88, 119571 Moscow, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3765-2144

Monika Wingender

Doctor, Professor, Director, Giessen Center for Eastern European Studies, Justus Liebig University Giessen

Otto Behaghel Strasse, 10 D, 35394 Gissen, Germany

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9651-8693

Vida Yu. Mikhalchenko

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Сhief Researcher, Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Bolshoy Kislovskiy Lane, 1/1, 125009 Moscow, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0953-3466


Abstract. The article considers the methodological basis of sociolinguistic research into language perspectives with a focus on linguistic diversity in the Russian Federation, the study of which is closely connected with such sociolinguistic concepts as language situation, language policy and language planning. Оver the recent decades, sociolinguistics has witnessed a real boom in new research showing a growing variety of methods for studying linguistic diversity. Closer consideration of these papers shows that the authors focus on the search for tools to analyze the prerequisites, history and current situation of linguistic diversity. However, research methods for the future development of linguistic diversity – linguistic forecasting, lack for scientific representation. Analysis of the prospects for the development of languages in present-day conditions is no less relevant research topic. The identification of the laws of language development requires a comprehensive approach from the position of sociolinguistics, which leads to the multifaceted nature of scientific research, the consideration of the object not only from the linguistic point of view, but also from sociolinguistic, psycholinguistic, ethnolinguistic etc. factors. The authors present an overview of sociolinguistic methods. As part of a combination of methods, which is justified by the variety of goals and subjects of linguistic forecasting, the authors analyze some possible methods of sociolinguistic forecasting (parametric, statistical, discursive) and their practical application in the study of linguistic diversity. The article concludes with forecasts for linguistic diversity in the Russian Federation.

Key words: sociolinguistic methods, language perspectives, language situation, language policy, language planning.

Citation. Bitkeeva A.N., Wingender M., Mikhalchenko V.Yu. Language Prognosis and Language Diversity in the Russian Federation: Sociolinguistic Aspect. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 6-23. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.1

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