Degaltseva A.V. Features of the Semantic-Syntactic Process of Adverbialisation in Modern Colloquial Speech

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.1.9

Anna V. Degaltseva

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of the Russian Language, Speech Communication and Russian as a Foreign Language, Saratov National Research State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky

Astrakhanskaya St., 83, 410012 Saratov, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3791-9777


Abstract. The study of semantic-syntactic compression is an urgent linguistic problem. One of the processes that lead to the statement meaning complication is adverbialisation, the essence of which is that the adverb, which is grammatically dependent on the verb, semantically refers to the statement or one of its basic proposition components. This work is carried out in line with semantic syntax and is devoted to studying the adverbial complicator functioning (adverbs that complicate the semantic structure of the sentence) in modern colloquial speech. Native speakers use these language units to add event propositions, logical propositions of characterization or comparison to a statement, to characterize the actants of basic propositions and to express the confidence category or the statement objective content evaluation as well. The adverbial complicators which can be transformed into social actions, emotional or mental states of a subject prevail in colloquial speech. Adverbs-complicators are used most frequently with the verbs of speech and intellectual activity expressing the emotional or mental state of a person. Adverbs that involve logical propositions are usually used to describe a person's behavior or character. Such language units, which are used to evaluate the objective content of a statement, prevail among the adverbs expressing modus categories.

Key words: adverbialisation, adverb, semantic syntax, syntactic compression, adverbial complicator, colloquial speech, Russian language.

Citation. Degaltseva A.V. Features of the Semantic-Syntactic Process of Adverbialisation in Modern Colloquial Speech. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 113-121. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.1.9

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