Tsesarskaya A.E. Lexical Self-Correction in Speech Behaviour

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2016.4.5

Anna E. Tsesarskaya

Assistant Professor, Department of Russian Language as Foreign, Far Eastern Federal University

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Sukhanova St., 8, 690950 Vladivostok, Russian Federation

Abstract. Self-correctoin phenomenon in oral speech is the result of speaker's control. Speaker views his / her utterance as according or not to initial purpose (precision of information, correspondence to standard language and so on) and if it is necessary corrects him / herself. So, self-correction is a double denotation of the same situation (to the speaker's mind), which consists of two elements – error word and repair word. In this study the author makes an attempt to submit and analyze self-correction in colloquial speech as a phenomenon manifesting basic concept of arrangement of language knowledge in a speaker's conscience. The paper presents the classification of types of lexical self-correction in spontaneous oral speech. Components of self-correction (error word and repair word) are words of similar form and / or meaning. Those elements can be synonymous, antonymous, hyperonymous, derivational correlates or they may have similar opportunities and / or grammar features. Moreover, error word and repair word can be linked only in the context. The study results confirm the fact that the self-correction is a typical feature of spontaneous colloquial speech and it is manifesting a speech production process. The research was conducted on the basis of large corpus of spontaneous self-corrections of Russian speakers.

Key words: linguistic consciousness, mental lexicon, colloquial speech, self-correction, lexical self-correction.

Citation. Tsesarskaya A.E. Lexical Self-Correction in Speech Behaviour. Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics, 2016, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 53-62. (in Russian). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2016.4.5

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