Shamne N.L., Petrova A.A. INTERACTIVE SPACE OF MEDIA POLITICAL DISCOURSE: COMMUNICATIVE AND MULTIMODAL ASPECTS

http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2014.3.5  

Shamne Nikolay Leonidovich

Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor, Head of Institute of Philology and Intercultural Communication, Volgograd State University ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Petrova Anna Aleksandrovna

Doctor of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of German Philology, Volgograd State University ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )


Abstract. The article concerns the communication issues in two aspects: а) a classical conversation analysis of interaction process; b) the category of multimodality which gives a new interpretation of communication and reveals new communication units and their functioning in mass media discourse. Multiple theoretical models of the person's speech behavior in the media political discourse space are developed and tested on video footage which let study complex microunits of interaction including verbal and nonverbal components which are called multimodal signs. The interactional space and interactional ensemble concepts are the key ones in considering communication substructures. Two types of interaction space of political talk show are revealed: 1) primary, formed by all the people present in the television studio, including the audience, participants of a talk show – guests, the moderator, the camera man and other people in the recording studio; all of them form certain body-spatial constellations; 2) secondary, formed by a television camera for people who are not currently in the studio and "quasi" participate in the discussion of the problem. A camera-significant generating primary interaction space creates interaction dyads, triads and larger units which include speech, sign and corporal communication modules, i.e. body-spatial constellations. Interactional space is ordered by inter- and intrapersonal connections, which represent the process of coordination, where verbal activity of communicants is necessarily accompanied by simultaneous-reflexive unemphasized actions with nonverbal character. The multimodal perspective of interaction process study, being a type of conversation analysis, does not just follow the conversation analysis method but also changes the research aspects of communication as a social action, reveals new concepts in discourse construction of the social world.

Key words: conversation analysis of interaction process, multimodal conception of interaction, interactional space, interactional ensemble in the interaction space, multimodal complex, multimodal sign, multipoint profiles of interaction participants.

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INTERACTIVE SPACE OF MEDIA POLITICAL DISCOURSE: COMMUNICATIVE AND MULTIMODAL ASPECTS by Shamne N.L., Petrova A.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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