Dmitrieva O.I., Orlova D.G. Trends in Neologization of Verbal Vocabulary in the Old Russian Language (15 th – 17 th Centuries)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2023.6.7

Olga I. Dmitrieva

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Russian Philology and Media Education, Saratov National Research State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky

Astrakhanskaya St, 83, 410012 Saratov, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3849-7502

Dariya G. Orlova

Postgraduate Student, Department of Russian Philology and Media Education, Saratov National Research State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky

Astrakhanskaya St, 83, 410012 Saratov, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7771-0068


Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of neologization of the semantic and word-formation subsystem of Russian verbs. The trends of this process are determined in relation to the Old Russian language of the 15 th – 17 th centuries. The main object of study is suffixal verbal neologisms formed during a given period in language development according to traditional and new word-formation models. The peculiarities of verbal neologisms formation with prefixes are described using the material of derived verbs with prefixed formants do-, po-, ot- and za-. Particular attention is paid to the issue of confixation, which, as a regular method of word building, begins to take shape in the Old Russian language. The material for the analysis was comprised of the data from the "Dictionary of the Russian Language of the 11 th – 17 th centuries". The application of a complex semantic and word-formation, as well as functional-semantic methodology for analyzing linguistic material has enabled the authors to identify trends in neologization of Old Russian verbal vocabulary: active formation of evolutive verbs and verbs with general semantics of activity and behaviour, the formation of new types of derivatives with the suffixes -irova-, -izirova-, -nicha-, regular occurrence in the language system of verbs, which denote particular types of verbal action, characterized by prefixes. It is shown that confixal derivatives appear as correlatives with the prefixal ones, and that these models can correlate and compete.

Key words: Russian language history, Old Russian period, derivatology, dynamics, semantic and word-formation subsystem, word-formation processes, neologization, verb.

Citation. Dmitrieva O.I., Orlova D.G. Trends in Neologization of Verbal Vocabulary in the Old Russian Language (15 th – 17 th Centuries). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2023, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 95-105. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2023.6.7

Trends in Neologization of Verbal Vocabulary in the Old Russian Language (15 th – 17 th Centuries) by Dmitrieva O.I., Orlova D.G. is licensed under CC BY 4.0

Attachments:
Download this file (3_Dmitrieva_Orlova.pdf) 3_Dmitrieva_Orlova.pdf
URL: https://l.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/2869
78 Downloads