Akimova E.N., Bezkorovaynaya G.T., Ionova S.V. Active Processes in Modern Russian: Possibilities of Ecological and Linguistic Study

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.6.16

Elvira N. Akimova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Russian Philology and Cross Cultural Communication, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

Professor, Department of Russian Language, National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University

Bolshevistskaya St, 68/1, 430005 Saransk, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0883-2173

Galina T. Bezkorovaynaya

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages № 3, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Stremyanny Lane, 36, 117997 Moscow, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0088-3619

Svetlana V. Ionova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of General and Russian Linguistics, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6361-741X


Abstract. The article considers possibility of applying the ecological-and-linguistic approach to the study of active processes that characterize the current state of the Russian language, text production, including electronic communication. The specificity of the ecological approach in linguistics, its distinction from the orthological approach, as well as the structural analysis of linguistic units are displayed, visible active processes that dominate in phonetics, vocabulary, graphic encoding and text creation are registered. The authors consider the usefulness of the ecological approach in linguistics, its distinction from the orthological approach, as well as the structural analysis of linguistic units. The analysis made provision for defining language democratization as the major trend, which is noted in word functioning, changes in phrase and sentence structures; numerous borrowings of words and parts of words from the English language support the globalization trend. There is a tendency in strengthening the subjective aspect of the text content in public communication that is marked by the shift towards evaluative-expressive-emotional colloquial speech style. The opposing trend is text intellectualization, it appeals to background knowledge of the reader, the use of abbreviated forms in information coding. The authors conclude that a long-term ecological monitoring of these trends and the use of the ecological-and-linguistic approach to classification of linguistic phenomena are required.

Key words: modern Russian language, active processes, ecological linguistics, linguistic consciousness, speech style culture, language levels, discourse, electronic communication.

Citation. Akimova E.N., Bezkorovaynaya G.T., Ionova S.V. Active Processes in Modern Russian: Possibilities of Ecological and Linguistic Study. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 204-214. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.6.16

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