Tupikova N.A., Starodubtseva N.A. Methods of Dialect Vocabulary Semantization in Regional Fiction and Converse of Dialect Speakers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.4.1

Nataliya A. Tupikova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Russian Philology and Journalism, Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9217-8441

Nataliya A. Starodubtseva

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Russian Philology and Journalism, Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1480-8230


Abstract. The semantics of geographically limited vocabulary is considered in the aspect of the actual problem of interaction and interpenetration of lexical systems of literary language and dialects. The material extracted from literary texts (prose by Volgograd writers) and the converse of the Don Cossack dialects speakers living in the
Volgograd region (records made by the expeditionary method and direct interview of informants at the points of dialectological survey of territories within the program of the Lexical Atlas of Russian Folk Dialects) is compared. Contextual and graphical methods of dialectisms semantization are described. The linguistic techniques of revealing the meanings of dialect words with the help of literary analogues, as well as various markers signalling the inclusion of an element that is not commonly used in the utterance, are determined. The models of using the appropriate language means formed on the basis of the constructive principle of their organization for the disclosure of the ideological and artistic intent of the work are characterized. It can serve as a means of updating and enriching the expressive fund of the Russian language, or for the purpose of adequate understanding in communication of different speech culture representatives the subject-conceptual correspondences of linguistic units. The general and special techniques of direct and indirect semantization of lexical units are revealed. They reflect the artistic-figurative and visual-symbolic concretization of reality in the perception of the world. The functional role of the vocabulary under consideration as a resource-forming element of the modern Russian literary language is substantiated.

Key words: regional fiction, converse of dialect speakers, semantics, vocabulary of Don dialects, method of semantics, language techniques, function.

Citation. Tupikova N.A., Starodubtseva N.A. Methods of Dialect Vocabulary Semantization in Regional Fiction and Converse of Dialect Speakers. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 5-19. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.4.1

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