Gorbacheva A.V., Berlin Khenis A.A., Osadchiy M.A. On Attention of Forensic Experts and Non-Experts in the Perception and Comprehension of Multimodal Text

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.3.13

Aleksandra V. Gorbacheva

Researcher, Laboratory of Language and Cognition, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

avgorbacheva@pushkin.institute

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8906-3870

Alexandrа A. Berlin Khenis

Junior Researcher, Center of Cognitive Science, Sirius University of Science and Technology

Prosp. Olympiysky, 1, 354340 Sochi, Russia

Specialist, Laboratory of Language and Cognition, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

alexa.munxen@gmail

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2034-1526

Mikhail A. Osadchiy

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Vice-President, Russian Society for Teaching Russian Language and Literature

PO Box 16 Saint Petersburg, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7964-9029


Abstract. The article presents the results of experimental research into psychophysiological and psycholinguistic features of perception and understanding of multimodal texts with extremist content. The hypothesis verification was implemented by means of the analysis of the respondents' eye movement data, involving forensic linguists, practicing in anti-extremism cases, well-informed and not well-informed non-experts. Research methods were eye-tracking, quantitative data processing, structural-semantic analysis. The following statistically reliable data were obtained: experts and poorly informed respondents spent more time on the task and had some similarities in the parameters of oculomotor activity, in contrast to well-informed respondents, who quickly completed the task, avoiding detailed analysis of the stimulus; the respondents who answered "not sure", spent more time on the task, their viewing strategy was characterized by long frequent fixations in comparison to other groups; respondents who gave benchmark answers recognized the elements of the image with longer sparse fixations, within the least amount of time. The longest time of viewing, number and duration of fixations were revealed for the signs that have the largest number of connections with the surrounding components; one of the highest values of viewing time is recorded for incomprehensible signs. The results of the study demonstrate the psycholinguistic and psychophysiological features of perception and understanding multimodal texts in forensic linguists compared to professionals in other fields. Being applicable to fundamental research into information perception and processing, the results can also contribute to working out the methods of multimodal text forensic linguistic analysis.

Key words: multimodal text, creolized text, eye-tracking, semantic information processing, studies of experts, cognitive competence, forensic linguists expertise, extremism.

Citation. Gorbacheva A.V., Berlin Khenis A.A., Osadchiy M.A. On Attention of Forensic Experts and Non-Experts in the Perception and Comprehension of Multimodal Text. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 158-175. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.3.13

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