Glushchenko V.A., Orel A.S., Piskunov A.V. Phonetic and Phonemic Laws in Modern Historical and Phonological Studies (Linguistic Historiographical Aspect)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.2.9

Vladimir A. Glushchenko

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Head of the Department of Germanic and Slavonic Philology, Donbass State Teachers' Training University

Generala Batyuka St, 19, 84116 Sloviansk, Ukraine

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2394-4966

Anna S. Orel

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Germanic and Slavonic Philology, Donbass State Teachers' Training University

Generala Batyuka St, 19, 84116 Sloviansk, Ukraine

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4077-1614

Alexander V. Piskunov

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Germanic and Slavonic Philology, Donbass State Teachers' Training University

Generala Batyuka St, 19, 84116 Sloviansk, Ukraine

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7176-7423


Abstract. The problem of phonetic and phonemic laws reconstruction in the works of linguists of the 19 th – 21 st centuries was investigated. The study demonstrated the significance of the concepts of sound changes based on the postulate of the phonetic law by E.D. Polivanov (convergent-divergent theory of sound changes), R.O. Jacobson (phonological mutations), which became the foundation of historical phonology, due to which V.K. Zhuravlev completed the construction of the paradigm of historical (diachronic) phonology. It was shown that the phonetic variability and variability of the sound system of the language were considered as a consequence of the action of certain linguistic laws. Definitions of the terms "phonetic law" and "phonemic law", the establishment of their main differences proved the thesis about the connection of synchrony and diachrony which allowed us to interpret the phenomena of the history of the sound systems of the Proto-Slavonic and East Slavonic languages. V.K. Zhuravlev and Yu.Ya. Burmistrovich's contribution to the study of these issues in relation to the history of East Slavonic languages were described in detail. The work used an actualistic method which allowed us to consider a particular linguistic concept from the point of view of contribution and significance for linguistics in comparison with previous achievements. A.S. Orel presented the material on phonemic laws in works on the sound system history; A.V. Piskunov – the material on the role of phonetic law and analogy, linguistic reconstruction in the works of Kharkiv, Moscow, Kazan schools scientists of; V.A. Glushchenko – the material on understanding the essence of phonetic law in the works of Kharkiv and Moscow schools scientists.

Key words: phonetic law, phonemic law, sound system, synchrony, diachrony, Proto-Slavonic language, East Slavonic languages, linguistic studies history.

Citation. Glushchenko V.A., Orel A.S., Piskunov A.V. Phonetic and Phonemic Laws in Modern Historical and Phonological Studies (Linguistic Historiographical Aspect). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 113-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.2.9

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Phonetic and Phonemic Laws in Modern Historical and Phonological Studies (Linguistic Historiographical Aspect) by Glushchenko V.A., Orel A.S., Piskunov A.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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