Zemicheva S.S., Vasil’chenko A.A. Concept “Druzhba” (“Friendship”) in Dialect Speech of the Middle Ob Area

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.2.2

Svetlana S. Zemicheva

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Senior Researcher, Laboratory of General and Siberian Lexicography, National Research Tomsk State University

Prosp. Lenina, 36, 634050 Tomsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3266-3696

Anna A. Vasil'chenko

Junior Researcher, Laboratory of General and Siberian Lexicography, National Research Tomsk State University

Prosp. Lenina, 36, 634050 Tomsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7065-8594


Abstract. The work is based on records of dialect speech (the territory of Tomsk and Kemerovo regions). The reliability of the research is provided by the amount of speech samples (more than 600 contexts were analyzed). The novelty of the work is due to the appeal to the study of dialectal discourse as a phenomenon which includes literary and non-literary units and has specific extralinguistic parameters. The main research tool is the electronic corpus of dialect texts created by the authors of the article. In the course of the study, dialect units that were absent in published dictionaries were identified. It was found that friendship relations in dialectal discourse are most often associated with the following parameters: territorial community, participation in rituals, leisure, joint work, military service/participation in a war, home visits and refreshments. The specificity in comparison with representatives of urban culture consists in the prevalence of the parameter of territorial community over the others, the weak representation of the component "school friends", as well as in the fact that the component "mate" is not actualized. The influence of discursive parameters on the representation of the concept is revealed. Thus, a significant number of nominations for women's friendship is explained by the gender of the informants, and the weak representation of the conceptual component "conflict"– by the conditions of recording materials on the expedition. In the figurative layer of the concept "druzhba" ("friendship") in the dialect, semantic transfer from the sphere "Family" prevails, which also reflects the specifics of traditional culture. The value layer of the concept in the dialect includes ideal representations related to the past and opposed to the present. The described ideal of friendship presupposes mutual assistance, trust, openness, which corresponds to general Russian ideas.

Key words: traditional culture, dialectology, Siberian dialects of Russian, concept "druzhba" ("friendship"), dialect corpus.

Citation. Zemicheva S.S., Vasil'chenko A.A. Concept "Druzhba" ("Friendship") in Dialect Speech of the Middle Ob Area. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal
of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 19-34. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.2.2

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Concept “Druzhba” (“Friendship”) in Dialect Speech of the Middle Ob Area by Zemicheva S.S., Vasil’chenko A.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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