Golev N.D., Irkova A.V. Evolutional Legal System of Vocabulary: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.2.1

Nikolay D. Golev

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Russian Language and Literature, Kemerovo State University

Krasnaya St, 6, 650000 Kemerovo, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0559-3007

Anna V. Irkova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Senior Lecturer, Department of Russian Language and Literature, Kemerovo State University

Krasnaya St, 6, 650000 Kemerovo, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0615-9931


Abstract. The article discloses the issue of gradual terminological formation of national vocabulary in legal documents. The material for the study was the words and phrases from Article 152 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation "Protection of the honor, dignity and business reputation of citizens". The investigation of national vocabulary units has enabled to prove that though being incorporated into latest Russian legal texts, they are still deprived of pure terminological status. Having discovered the lack of vocabulary homogeneity, the authors singled out the degrees of legal-term applicability for the texts under study and introduced authentic typology, distinguishing the range of items from national language bulk to special judicial terms. Thus, legal terms are both specialized linguistic units and language units that preserve in their genetic code its national properties: polysemy, variability and potential dynamics, irreducibility to one single meaning. The study shows that legal-term applicability terminology correlates with the stages of evolution in national vocabulary. This assumption is exemplified by the analysis of the words with the same root morpheme chest-with the focus on their semantic development. The synchronous study of legal-term applicability requires elaboration of the method of legal text continuous sampling, which is of applied value for linguistic expertise of judicial texts.

Key words: legal linguistics, legal terminology, legal system of vocabulary, lexicological analysis, terminologization.

Citation. Golev N.D., Irkova A.V. Evolutional Legal System of Vocabulary: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 5-18. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.2.1

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