Andrianova D.V. The Axiological Component of the Concept “Den’gi” (“Money”) in Russian Proverbs

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.1.10

Darya V. Andrianova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Researcher, Institute for Linguistic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Tuchkov Lane, 9, 199053 Saint Petersburg, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4190-5968


Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the axiologically heterogeneous concept "Den'gi" ("Money") in Russian proverbs. The research was carried out on the material of more than 700 Russian (including dialectal) proverbs with the components: den'gi, rubl', kopejka, etc. The analysis of proverbs allowed the author to identify a number of value-and-semantic dominants in this concept: frugality, censure of stinginess, the need to keep strict records of finances, a philosophical attitude to spending money, the high value of money earned in contrast to money received accidentally or by dishonest means. The research results indicate that in Russian proverbs, a high axiological status is assigned to money as the most important force that regulates the life of a person and society. In general, money is assessed positively in the picture of the world represented in Russian proverbs, which contradicts the Orthodox and Soviet cultural and historical traditions. This discrepancy gives rise to the axiological and semantic ambivalence characteristic of this concept, which is especially clearly seen in the opposition of money as a pragmatic dominant in human life and such culturally significant concepts as truth, conscience, love, friendship, mind. In the context of such comparisons, money does not acquire a properly negative connotation in its meaning, but acts as a marker of the honesty of friendship, love, since true spiritual values cannot be measured by money.

Key words: money, concept, Russian proverbs, paremiological picture of the world, axiological dominant, axiology.

Citation. Andrianova D.V. The Axiological Component of the Concept "Den'gi" ("Money") in Russian Proverbs. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2022, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 119-128. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2022.1.10

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