Koroleva I.A. Regional Onomastic Vocabulary in Linguaculturological Studies

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.6.10

Inna A. Koroleva

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of the Russian Language, Smolensk State University

Przhevalskogo St, 4, 214000 Smolensk, Russia

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Abstract. The article considers the possibility of implementing an integrated approach to the representation of a toponym in reference systems and databases, taking its linguistic and cultural specifics into account. It is shown that their informative field contains both linguistic and encyclopedic information, it is revealed that various information is encoded in the basics of toponyms: historical, geographical, social, cultural, ethnographic, linguistic aspects. Based on the material of the toponyms of Smolensk region, which are included in the electronic information system "Toponymy of Russia", created at the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the implementation of an integrated approach in the presentation of a meaningful plan of toponyms is demonstrated. Cultural codes, which are contained in toponyms and reflect the national and cultural specifics of geographical names are characterized: anthropomorphic, faunal, spiritual, industrial (landscape), topomorphic (hydromorphic), emotional and characteristic, and cases of combining different codes in one toponym are described. Special attention is paid to cultural codes reflected in toponymic units with the names of geographical objects of the Russian-Belarusian border area. As a result of the conducted research, it is proposed to include information about cultural codes in the description of toponyms and present it as a separate parameter in the information system "Toponymy of Russia", which will allow users to expand their knowledge about the nominated object and its national and cultural specifics.

Key words: linguaculturology, onomastics, regional toponymy, Smolensk region, informative field, linguaculturological background of proper name, cultural codes, information system "Toponymy of Russia".

Citation. Koroleva I.A. Regional Onomastic Vocabulary in Linguaculturological Studies. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2021, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 111-121. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.6.10

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