Bozhenkova N.A., Kalichkina T.I., Panteleeva A.P. Tropofigures as New Realities of Texts in Modern Political Communication

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.2.6

Natalya A. Bozhenkova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of General and Russian Linguistics, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2381-5865

Tamara I. Kalichkina

Postgraduate Student, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0728-5323

Aleksandra P. Panteleeva

Postgraduate Student, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2295-3780


Abstract. The article examines the mechanisms of organizing verbal constructs that manifest the linguopragmatic structure of texts in modern Russian political communication. A special class of figurative means of political language stands out – tropofigures. Tropofigures include irony and parcelling, which are characterized, on the one hand, by formal-semantic ambivalence and, on the other hand, by an apparent idiostylistic touch. The proposed methodological framework of the study aimed at the identification and systematic characterization of the categorical features of these synergetic linguistic signs, facilitated the description of the ways of their exemplification in political interactions. The authors established that the tropofigures of irony and parcelling ornamentally form the antinomy of the identity / non-identity of the sign and the object (semasiological discrepancy between the logical and grammatical organization of the syntagma). The tropofigures not only organize the expressive-pragmatic center of political discursive practice but also fulfill the function of a verbal marker of the cognitive mechanisms of text formation, which allow the participant to present their communicative goal setting in a certain way. The authors emphasized that the tropofigures of irony and parcelling are transformed from means of enhancing expressiveness into markers of the idiomental process and set a different social perception. The results of the linguistic rhetorical research indicate new mechanisms of convergence / divergence of semantic constructs in various political interactions and, as a result, linguocultural "reaccentuation" of sign-symbolic and axiological constituents of the political institution in the modern Russian-speaking space.

Key words: political discourse, tropofigure, irony, parcellation, cognitive mechanisms, emotive-expressive means, linguocultural markers.

Citation. Bozhenkova N.A., Kalichkina T.I., Panteleeva A.P. Tropofigures as New Realities of Texts in Modern Political Communication. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2021, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 57-73. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.2.6

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Tropofigures as New Realities of Texts in Modern Political Communication by Bozhenkova N.A., Kalichkina T.I., Panteleeva A.P. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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