Pimenova M.V., Zhilkubaeva A.Sh., Bekmurzaeva F.Sh. Horse and Mare in English, Kazakh and Russian Language Pictures of the World

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.1.6

Marina V. Pimenova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Rector, Institute of Foreign Languages, 12-ya liniya VO, 13, 199178 Saint Petersburg, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5918-974X

Amantay Sh. Zhilkubaeva

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Kazakh, Russian Philology and Journalism, East Kazakhstan State University named after S. Amanzholov

30-y Gvardeyskoy Divizii St, 34, 070002 Ust-Kamenogorsk, Republic of Kazakhstan

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0606-9239

Feruza Sh. Bekmurzaeva

Lecturer, Department of Foreign Languages, Military Institute (Engineering) of the Military Academy of Logistics, named after Army General A.V. Khrulev

Zakharyevskaya St, 22, 191123 Saint Petersburg, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2600-6462


Abstract. The purpose of the article is to compare the linguocultural meanings of the zoomorphic image of a horse / mare. The horse / mare is an important constituent of life, as indicated by the significant amount of vocabulary assigned to the names of this animal in the compared language pictures of the world, the variety of manifestations of the horse in human life, the role in the agricultural, military, and domestic spheres. Six main areas were identified where vocabulary related to the vital activity, functioning of horses, their biological and physiological characteristics is usedas a result of the analysis of three linguistic cultures shows: biological gender; age; breed; horse suit; allures – types of horse movement; location and conditions of detention. The asymmetry of the implementation of linguocultural meanings in the studied language pictures of the world is noted. The thematic group "Biological gender" combines 25 signs. The thematic group "Age" includes 14 signs. The thematic group "Breed" consists of 11 signs. The thematic group "Color of the horse" includes 18 signs. The thematic group "Allures – types of horse movement" comprises 8 signs. In the thematic group "Place and Conditions of Detention" 10 signs are presented. The article contains 6 tables to illustrate the comparison. The lexical units of the English, Kazakh, and Russian languages are described, the differential features of the analyzed words and phrases with the meaning "horse", "mare" are established, the results of a comparative study of three linguocultures are summarized.

Key words: image, zoomorphisms, hippolexis, language picture of the world, linguistic culture.

Citation. Pimenova M.V., Zhilkubaeva A.Sh., Bekmurzaeva F.Sh. Horse and Mare in English, Kazakh and Russian Language Pictures of the World. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2021, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 75-88. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.1.6

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