Yurina E.A., Avramenko O.V. Conceptual Basis for Metaphorical Image Interpretation in Different Linguocultures

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.1.5

Elena A. Yurina

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Russian Language, National Research Tomsk State University

Prosp. Lenina, 36, 634050 Tomsk, Russia

Professor, General and Russian Linguistics Department, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St, 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1552-1488

Olesya V. Avramenko

Junior Researcher, Laboratory of General and Siberian Lexicography, National Research Tomsk State University

Prosp. Lenina, 36, 634050 Tomsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3237-1004


Abstract. The article considers Russian and English figurative words and expressions that demonstrate metaphorization of bakery products images. The cognitive basis of metaphorical projections, universal and specific models of figurative analogies are revealed. The material includes 36 English units metaphorically motivated by 12 names of bakery products (biscuit, bun, cake, cookie, doughnut, dumpling, muffin, pancake, pie, pudding, tart, toast) and 98 Russian figurative units motivated by 16 culinary names (baranka, blin, bublik, bulka, kalach, karal'ka, keks, kovrizhka, krendel', lepeshka, pampushka, pirog, pljushka, ponchik, pyshka, suhar'). The speech material consists of the corpus data and includes 167 Russian and 109 English contexts. The analysis methodology is based on the cognitive metaphor theory, the semasiological theory of lexical and phraseological figurativeness, methods of contrastive analysis, linguocultural commenting and corpus research techniques. Static salient criteria of bakery products were revealed (round, spherical, ring-shaped, flat; specific colour; lush, soft, elastic, crumbly structure; high temperature; sweet, pleasant taste), as well as process and dynamic characteristics associated with cooking and food intake procedures. It is proved that these criteria in both linguistic cultures are grounded at the source of figurative characteristics of some human body parts, figure and hairstyle, social and political life phenomena, animate and inanimate objects. The results of the study contribute to metaphorology, linguoculturology, cognitive semantics and pragmatics, comparative lexicology and phraseology; they can be used in teaching of Russian and English as foreign languages, as well as in lexicographic practice.

Key words: figurative vocabulary, phraseology, cognitive metaphor, gastronomic metaphor, linguoculture, Russian language, English language.

Citation. Yurina E.A., Avramenko O.V. Conceptual Basis for Metaphorical Image Interpretation in Different Linguocultures. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2021, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 63-74. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2021.1.5

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