Shaposhnikova I.V. Image of the Human World and Semantic Organization of Lexicon in Interdisciplinary Linguistics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.5.14

Irina V. Shaposhnikova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute of Philology of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences

Nikolaeva St, 8, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3519-1209


Abstract. The article deals with the issues related to the development of principles and methods of semantic organization of lexicon in order to create linguistic resources of various types: dictionaries, databases, corpora, etc. Different techniques of semantic organization of lexicon are viewed as methodological bases for interdisciplinary approaches to investigation of the human image of the world. The issues are studied with reference to different approaches that concern fundamental contradictions between the language and conceptual models of representing the world. Using the reverse dictionary of the associative-verbal database SIBAS, the author conducts a statistical macro-level analysis to stratify the verbal units (the nodes of the SIBAS associative-verbal network) according to the intensity and extension of their incoming links. Thus identified at different levels of stability, SIBAS associative-verbal dominants are matched with the frequency ratings of the relevant lexical items in the textual basis of the Russian National Corpus; they are also matched with the associative dimensions of the Russian language personality, which were discovered earlier on the model of the Russian associative-verbal network in the epoch of perestroika. The author analyzes the part-of speech statistics of the associative dominants, their correlations with the ontogenetically basic concepts, as well as with the glottochronologically basic lexical meanings. Against this background, the author assesses the methodological significance and heuristic potential of the techniques of analysis on the experimentally obtained Russian associative-verbal network, where the conceptual and linguistic models of the world are balanced naturally as a spontaneous (instinctive) manifestation of the intentionality of the Russian language personality.

Key words: language model of the world, conceptual model of the world, semantic organization of lexicon, associative dominants, lexeme, meanings of the lexeme, image of the world: methods of interdisciplinary research.

Citation. Shaposhnikova I.V. Image of the Human World and Semantic Organization of Lexicon in Interdisciplinary Linguistics. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 155-172. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.5.14

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