Sheptukhina E.M. Genre Parametrization of Receipt in the Middle 18th Century (With Reference to “Mikhailovsky Stanitsa Ataman” Archive)


Elena M. Sheptukhina

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Philology and Journalism, Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russia

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Abstract. The relevance of the study is determined by the need to create linguistic corpora of historical sources – the acts and other documents of limited accessibility, which are stored in regional archives. The material for the work was the fund of Mikhailovsky village ataman of the State Archive of the Volgograd Region (SAVR, fund 332). The variety of genres, the documents of the fund belong to, determines elaboration of criteria for their genre parameterization aimed at their automatic identification. Thus, parametrization of receipts dating back to 1752 and 1753 has been carried out in the article. In the system of Cossack Don Host area administrative communication, the receipts are noted to have been assertive documents, which conveyed official and personal information. The speech means of expressing genre parameters determined by the communicative situation and correlated with the document form are identified: name, addresser, addressee, function, structure, the type of transmitted information, spatio-temporal localization of the document. The variability of speech embodiment of the receipt form is shown. The genre speech markers, significant for meta-marking, include: the self-name of the document in combination with a demonstrative or possessive pronoun (сию расписку / this receipt); verb forms expressing an alleged action; addresser's signature, regarded as a document identification marker. The set of markers relevant for meta-marking might be extended, conditioned by the range of sources growth and contrasting the receipts with the documents of some other genres.

Key words: history of the Russian language, regional business writing, document, genre, genre parameter, receipt, linguistic corpora.

Citation. Sheptukhina E.M. Genre Parametrization of Receipt in the Middle 18 th Century (With Reference to "Mikhailovsky Stanitsa Ataman" Archive). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 74-86. (in Russian). DOI:

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