Erofeeva T.I., Shustova S.V. Lexical Vernacular in the Speech of Literary Language Users Residing in Perm Region

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.4.4

Tamara I. Erofeeva 

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, Perm State National Research University

Bukireva St, 15, 614990 Perm, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0316-4302

Svetlana V. Shustova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Linguistics and Translation, Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, Perm State National Research University

Bukireva St, 15, 614990 Perm, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8318-7864


Abstract. The article considers the influence of dialectal layer of the languages by means of incorporating vernaculars into the lexical system of the literary language. It is stated that substandard verbs most frequently get the status of colloquial verbs due to their expressive semantic content or to their wider area of usage. The material for the analysis was 24 substandard verbal lexemes recorded in the explanatory and dialectal dictionaries of the Russian language and found in the speech of native speakers of the literary language. Data on the use of these units were obtained from recordings of the speech of residents of Perm and cities of Perm Krai (the total duration of the audio is about 30 hours). The research is based on the description of the semantic and functional-stylistic potential of vernacular vocabulary. The dynamics of stylistic characteristics of a word is described on the basis of the data recorded in lexicographic publications of different years. It is shown that the transition of words from one subsystem of the Russian language to another is a natural and logical process that contributes to the enrichment of the vocabulary of the Russian language. It has been confirmed that vernacular is a transitional space between dialects and literary language.

Key words: dialect, literary language, vernacular, lexical vernacular, semantics, functional and stylistic characteristic of the word.

Citation. Erofeeva T.I., Shustova S.V. Lexical Vernacular in the Speech of Literary Language Users Residing in Perm Region. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 42-51. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.4.4

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