Brysina E.V., Suprun V.I. Names of Cuckoo and Cuckoo Chick in Russian Folk Linguistics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.4.2

Evgenia V. Brysina

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Head of the Institute of Russian Language and Literature, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University

Prosp. im. V.I. Lenina, 27, 400066 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3755-5555

Vasiliy I. Suprun

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Russian Language and Methods of Its Teaching, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University

Prosp. im. V.I. Lenina, 27, 400066 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2489-9199


Abstract. The research is carried out in the context of ethnolinguistics, which is aimed at analyzing nominations of ecosystem objects as means of presenting relations between language and culture, and in particular, specificity in their perception by various ethnical and subethnical (dialect) groups. The authors rely on two suppositions: though flora and fauna are reflected diacritically in linguistic consciousness of various dialect communities due to physical, geographical, social environment, there exist some universal lexical and phraseological language means to describe every object of nature. The purpose of the article is to determine the regularities in nomination of the cuckoo as a significant linguocultural representative of fauna. The material for the study was the card file of the Linguistic Atlas of Russian folk dialects, stored at the Institute for linguistic research of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Saint Petersburg). The research has shown that the nominations of the cuckoo and the cuckoo chick have special implications in the linguistic consciousness of the Russian people. These units have onomatopoietic origin, they have undergone phonetic, derivational and semantic transformations in the Russian dialect continuum. Ornithonyms implement a binary semantic correlation, linking the sphere of living nature, to which they belong by denotative features, and the human character – the area where their development of connotative-contextual semantics leads, due to the specifics of the linguocreative thinking of the language personality.

Key words: linguistic consciousness, ethnolinguistics, linguistic culture, dialect, perception of the world, ornithonym.

Citation. Brysina E.V., Suprun V.I. Names of Cuckoo and Cuckoo Chick in Russian Folk Linguistics. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 16-28. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.4.2

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