Pimenova M.V., Dutbaeva S.S., Moshina E.A. The Symbolism of the Earth in the Poems by M.I. Tsvetaeva

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.3.11

Marina V. Pimenova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Rector, University of the Foreign Languages, 12-ya liniya V.O., 13, 199178 Saint Petersburg, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5918-974X

Saule S. Dutbaeva

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Russian Philology, Atyrau State University named after Kh. Dosmukhamedov

Prosp. Studencheskiy, 212, 060011 Atyrau, Kazakhstan

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7506-279X

Elena A. Moshina

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages, Military Academy of Logistics named after Army General A.V. Khrulev

Zakharyevskaya St., 22, 191123 Saint Petersburg, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9490-657X


Abstract. The article considers the poems by Marina Tsvetaeva in the aspect of elemental symbolism. The article aims to describe traditional for Russian linguistic culture and individual author's symbolism of the earth in M.I. Tsvetaeva's poems. The choice of the research object stipulates scientific novelty of the study, which was fulfilled applying descriptive and conceptual research methods. It has been noted, that the symbols, traditionally assigned to Russian linguistic culture, are represented in the poems by Tsvetaeva as pre-Christian: the earth is described by the poetess as a place of habitation, residence, Motherland, a house, arable land; the symbol of imperishability and support. The earth is one of the extrema – the lower and the upper points in vertical dimension, where the former denotes the ground and the Man as opposed to the latter, nominating the Heaven and the Creator. The ground is a Christian symbol of modesty, it is associated with death, ashes, a grave pit. The analysis undertaken has enabled to reveal individual author's symbols of the earth: earth – rock / stone; earth – mountain, unknown land – the sea, the earth – the air, the salt of the earth – talented people / victim. It has been shown, that the author's perception of a particular worldview fragment supplements the conceptual structure of macro concept "earth" with characteristics, which are not included into the structure of national concept.

Key words: symbol, image, myth, individually-author's picture of the world, linguistic culture, metaphor, lexis.

Citation. Pimenova M.V., Dutbaeva S.S., Moshina E.A. The Symbolism of the Earth in the Poems by M.I. Tsvetaeva. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 116-134. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.3.11

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