Kalmazova N.A., Borisova V.F., Kuznetsova Ju.A. English Terms of Terminological Field Legal Profession: Motivation of Choice and Translation

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.3.8

Nadezhda A. Kalmazova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of the English Language, Saratov State Law Academy

Volskaya St., 1, 410056 Saratov, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5406-0581

Viktoria F. Borisova

Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Associate Professor, Department of Civil Procedure, Saratov State Law Academy

Volskaya St., 1, 410056 Saratov, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7004-598X

Julia A. Kuznetsova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of the English Language, Saratov State Law Academy

Volskaya St., 1, 410056 Saratov, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8851-242X


Abstract. The article deals with the urgent issue of translation of special vocabulary. It has been proved, that effective study of English legal terminology by Russian native speakers is possible when there is profound knowledge of the corresponding piece of worldview shared by the English native speakers and understanding how the cognition of one nation is translated into the worldview of another nation. This understanding is achieved by means of studying concepts named by legal terms. The authors have systematized the difficulties, which appear in the process of English-Russian translation of the terms within the field of legal profession. Etymological, universal, national and professional conceptual layers named by the legal terms: barrister, solicitor, attorney, lawyer, адвокат, coroner, Personal Injury Law have been characterized, the peculiarities, which motivate representative variants of translation – found out. The appearance of new signs in the structure of concepts, represented by the terms legal research, discovery, legal writing has been detected; the choice of translation techniques applied for these terminological units is explained. The research has revealed the changes in the piece of worldview of the English native speakers connected with the appearance of new concepts named by the terms ediscovery and predictive coding. The choice of translation techniques has been justified.

Key words: worldview, linguistic worldview, term, legal term, concept, structure of concept, translation, representative variant.

Citation. Kalmazova N.A., Borisova V.F., Kuznetsova Ju.A. English Terms of Terminological Field Legal Profession: Motivation of Choice and Translation. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 84-96. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.3.8

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