Ivanova N.K., Kuzmina R.V. Homographic Proper Names: On Peculiarities of Pronunciation Registration

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.2.9

Natalya K. Ivanova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology

Prosp. Sheremetevskiy, 7, 153000 Ivanovo, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0440-6943

Rimma V. Kuzmina

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology

Prosp. Sheremetevskiy, 7, 153000 Ivanovo, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9914-3877


Abstract. The article considers phonetic variants of English proper names that comprise homographic groups, and some impairments during their registration in pronouncing dictionaries. The authors present the results of lexicographic and comparative analysis of units extracted from two pronouncing dictionaries: "Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary" by D. Jones and "Longman Pronunciation Dictionary" by J. Wells using the continuous sampling method. Particular attention is focused on the methods of registration and completeness of phonetic notation of homographs pronunciation. A number of peculiarities are noted in recording semantics, phonetic-and-orthographic variations in some homogroups in British and American English. Clear inconsistency and insufficiency of lexicographic parametrization of both homographic proper names and their national and social pronunciation variants, as well as the meanings of common and proper names are revealed. The conclusion is made about the accuracy of "Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary" in terms of registering several British and American variants of onyms pronunciation, supplemented by additional comments on the phonetic variants and meanings of numerous types of proper names (anthroponyms, toponyms, ergonyms). The data obtained are required for differentiating the meanings of proper names, correct use of onyms and appellatives in oral speech, as well as for compiling dictionaries and reference books.

Key words: English language, proper name, homonymy, homograph, phonetic variant, pronouncing dictionary.

Citation. Ivanova N.K., Kuzmina R.V. Homographic Proper Names: On Peculiarities of Pronunciation Registration. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 98-111. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.2.9

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