Nikolina N.A., Ratsiburskaya L.V., Fatkhutdinova V.G. New Phenomena in the Sphere of Derivation Formants as Reflection of the Dynamics of the Russian Language Word-Formation System

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.2.1

Natalia А. Nikolina

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Russian Language Department, Moscow State Pedagogical University

Malaya Pirogovskaya St., 1a, 119991 Moscow, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4980-2229

Larisa V. Ratsiburskaya

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Head of the Department of Modern Russian Language and General Linguistics, National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod

Prosp. Gagarina, 23, 603950 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9332-050X

Venera G. Fatkhutdinova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of Applied and Experimental Linguistics, Kazan (Volga) Federal University

Kremlevskaya St., 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3252-8526


Abstract. The article considers both new functional characteristics of known word-forming formants and new derivational formants. In modern Russian speech, there has been discovered such a new phenomenon, as the mobility of borrowed elements which can be qualified as affixes (ап, аут, ин, овер). Well-known formants of Greek and Latin origin have proved to perform new pragmatic-stylistic functions: prefixoids нано-, кибер-, крипто-; suffix -оид. These formants are mostly characteristic of terms, but, as the study showed, they can participate in the creation of expressive derivatives. The article uses the material of neologisms in fiction and media texts to identify new formants: prefixes мега-, нон-, он-, оф-; suffixes -инг, -раст; suffixoids -гейт, -оголик; movable formants ап, аут, ин, овер. The appearance of new formants and new semantic and pragmatic characteristics of the known formants reflects the dynamics of the word-formation system of the Russian language, due to the processes of internationalization, "ameroglobalization" in different languages at the turn of the 20 th – 21 th centuries. Neo-derivatives testify to the specifics of knowledge and experience acquisition with the help of word-formation methods and means relevant for a certain period of time. The results of the study contribute to derivatology, neology, pragmalinguistics and can be useful for lecturers and students of higher educational institutions majoring in "Philology" and "Journalism".

Key words: word-formation, prefix, suffix, prefixoid, suffixoid, internationalization, media text, fiction text.

Citation. Nikolina N.A., Ratsiburskaya L.V., Fatkhutdinova V.G. New Phenomena in the Sphere of Derivation Formants as Reflection of the Dynamics of the Russian Language Word-Formation System. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 5-19. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.2.1 

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New Phenomena in the Sphere of Derivation Formants as Reflection of the Dynamics of the Russian Language Word-Formation System by Nikolina N.A., Ratsiburskaya L.V., Fatkhutdinova V.G. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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