Erofeeva I.V., Solovyev V.D., Bajrasheva V.R. Psychosemantic Experiment as a Tool for Objectification of the Data for the Ways of Representing Synonymy in a Modern Russian Language

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.15

Irina V. Erofeeva

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of the Russian Language and Methods of Teaching, Kazan Federal University

Kremlevskaya St., 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6702-9129

Valery D. Solovyev

Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), Professor, Chief Researcher, Kazan Federal University

Kremlevskaya St., 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4692-2564

Venera R. Bajrasheva

Сandidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), Associate Professor, Department of Theoretical Cybernetics, Kazan Federal University

Kremlevskaya St., 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1728-034X


Abstract. The recently created RuWordNet thesaurus reflects hierarchical, primarily synonymous, relations in the vocabulary so that it is built from a set of synsets. In this paper, we applied the method of a comparative analysis: we compared the data of classical dictionaries of Russian language synonyms, RuWordNet thesaurus and the results of a students' poll. The students represent two areas of specialization: linguistic and nonliguistic. As a result of the psychosemantic experiment, we specified the criteria for the distribution of lexical units among synsets. We referred to them cognitive, semantic, stylistic and quantitative criteria. The quantitative method made it possible to determine the fixation frequency of synonyms for the stimulus word in the respondents' minds. The results of the experiment showed that the most adequate principle, implemented in verbal and cogitative activity by the identifying of the synonymic chains, is a pragmatic one. It reveals itself in the possibility of the interchange of similar in meaning words in different contexts. The research results contain recommendations on the systematization of linguistic information in the RuWordNet thesaurus, aimed at improving the principles of synsets' building. The performed research is aimed at verifying the reflected in RuWordNet data from the point of view of their correspondence to the real idea of native speakers of the synonymic, hyponymic and other system-based relationship in the vocabulary.

Key words: RuWordNet, synonyms, synset, psychosemantic experiment, lexicography.

Citation. Erofeeva I.V., Solovyev V.D., Bajrasheva V.R. Psychosemantic Experiment as a Tool for Objectification of the Data for the Ways of Representing Synonymy in a Modern Russian Language. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 178-194. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.15

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Psychosemantic Experiment as a Tool for Objectification of the Data for the Ways of Representing Synonymy in a Modern Russian Language by Erofeeva I.V., Solovyev V.D., Bajrasheva V.R. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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