Dubovsky Yu.A., Zagrayevskaya T.B. Russian Composite Words with a Borrowed Component in Business-Communication

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.11

Yury A. Dubovsky

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Head of the Experimental Linguistics and Cross-Cultural Competence Department, Pyatigorsk State University

Prosp. Kalinina, 9, 357532 Pyatigorsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9037-6308

Tatiana B. Zagrayevskaya

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Experimental Linguistics and Cross-Cultural Competence Department, Pyatigorsk State University

Prosp. Kalinina, 9, 357532 Pyatigorsk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4391-1966


Abstract. The article presents the results of the analysis of main processes and mechanisms of forming composite words with a borrowed component in modern Russian business communication. The linguistic interpretation of the observed phenomena is carried out with due regard to the following: the presence of original, assimilated or non-assimilated borrowed component in the structure of a composite word; the change of the composite structural status in the process of its constituent(s) borrowing; the modification of the composite semantics in the process of borrowing and in the usage afterwards, and the change of graphic and phonetic representation of the composite as well as the order of its components. The results of the research showed that composites in modern Russian business communication are mostly represented by the structures with original and borrowed assimilated components. The number of composites with a borrowed nonassimilated components is also considerable. The process of foreign composite units transition into Russian requires their structural status change. The adoption of composite borrowings into Russian is accompanied by modifications of their graphic, phonetic features as well as by the order of composite constituents.

Key words: business-communication, borrowing, composite, unit component, semantics, sociolect, donor language, recipient language.

Citation. Dubovsky Yu.A., Zagrayevskaya T.B. Russian Composite Words with a Borrowed Component in Business-Communication. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2020, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 128-139. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2020.1.11

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