Vaulina S.S., Bulataya E.V. Irony as a Means of Character Description in the Works by N.V. Gogol

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.4.15

Svetlana S. Vaulina

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Institute for Humanities, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University

A. Nevskogo St., 14, 236016 Kaliningrad, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7109-2836

Elena V. Bulataya

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and Practice of Germanic Languages, Baranovichi State University

Voykova St., 21, 225404 Baranovichi, Belarus

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7948-5108


Abstract. The article considers irony as a conceptual category of the literary text, that contains author's assessment in the implicit form. The ironic meaning as an integral component of the literary text is an evaluative and emotional way to represent the author's worldview and values. The means of expressing irony in N.V. Gogol's works of different genres (epos, lyrico-epic genre and drama) are determined. The similarities and differences in the author's use of irony expression means in the poem Dead Souls, series of tales Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka, Mirgorod, Petersburg Tales, comedy The Inspector General within the author's ironic character description are determined. The article concludes that genre peculiarities of literary works affect the author's choice of certain means of irony expression. It is not typical of the author to use phraseological units as irony explicators in the genre of the tale; however, these linguistic means frequently verbalize ironical meaning in the drama genre – the comedy The Inspector General. The use of such textual means as author's retreats and comments is not typical due to high plot dynamism and dialogization of the author's narrative being characteristic genre features of the comedy. The article considers the means of irony expression in the author's character description. It is shown that irony is manifested both in the characters' and the author's speech and is aimed at assessing the characters' personality and behavior.

Key words: literary text, genre, irony, linguistic means, irony expression means, character description, N. Gogol.

Citation. Vaulina S.S., Bulataya E.V. Irony as a Means of Character Description in the Works by N.V. Gogol. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 200-209. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.4.15

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Irony as a Means of Character Description in the Works by N.V. Gogol by Vaulina S.S., Bulataya E.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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