Shulga M.V. Evolution of Number Names in Modern Russian

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.4.7

Mariya V. Shulga

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Faculty of Philology, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Leninskie Gory, 1, Bld. 51, 119991 Moscow, GSP-1, Russia

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IstinaResearcherID (IRID): 2778936


Abstract. The paper deals with the evolution of morphological forms and syntactic relations of numerals which give names to categories of numbers. The ways of formation of a number name тысяча / tysjatscha and its part-of-speech signs are illustrated with the texts taken from the Russian National Corpus. It's the first systematic description of transition of a noun into a number name regarded as a complex grammatical process – morphological unification of case forms (instrumental case тысячью / tysjatschju); substitution of countable noun government by coordination with it in every indirect case; loss of syntactic forms of gender and number (i.e. their ability to correlate with words in gender and number); loss of morphological forms of the plural number and their substitution by forms of the singular number; formation of compound numerals on the bases of the numeral тысяча / tysjatscha; signs of morphological separation of the number name тысяча / tysjatscha and the name of quantity. The development and grammatical adaptation of тысяча / tysjatscha in the line of numerals is reported to have taken long. The article presents a sequence of obtaining new features of the numerals. Evolution of numerals is presented as a relevant grammatical process that implements synthetic potential of the Russian language grammatical system.

Key words: morphology, numerals, grammatical form, synthetic grammatical form, dynamics, formation of numerals, тысяча / tysjatscha, development of the morphological system.

Citation. Shulga M.V. Evolution of Number Names in Modern Russian. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 88-104. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.4.7

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