Kareva N.V., Pivovarov E.G. The First German Grammar in Russia: Creation and Sources

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.4.2

Nataliya V. Kareva

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Senior Researcher, Institute for Linguistic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Tuchkov Lane, 9, 199053 Saint Petersburg, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6861-6512

Evgeniy G. Pivovarov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Leading Researcher, Saint Petersburg Branch of the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Universitetskaya Emb., 5, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8701-9684


Abstract. Die Teutsche Grammatica... by M. Schwanwitz (St. Petersburg, 1730) was the first German grammar printed in Russia. It was bilingual: Russian and German sections were parallel. The Russian text reflected the diversity and variability of the new, early 18 th century "civil" literary language. The article authors describe linguistic terminology of Schwanwitz's textbook, study editorial changes made during its creation and examples corpus used in the grammar, first of all, anthroponyms. Comparative analysis of the structure, content and illustrative material of Schwanwitz's grammar and Die deutsche Grammatica... by Charmyntes (Berlin, 1713) allows us to conclude that Charmyntes's grammar was not the only source of the academic textbook. In cases where Schwanwitz borrowed material from the German source, he critically rethought and rewrote the original. The authors disagree with the assertion outspoken in scientific literature that Schwanwitz's work was for the most part imitative to Die deutsche Grammatica... by Charmyntes and that the Berlin edition should be considered as a conductor of the Western model of grammatical description in Russia. Study of Die Teutsche Grammatica... creation allows to conclude that lack of its author's formal education case was atoned by rich practical experience, ability to learn a lot and quickly and obvious desire to become a philologist recognized by contemporaries.

Key words: German grammar, Academy of Sciences, M. Schwanwitz, Charmyntes, 18 th century, chronology, linguistic sources, linguistic terminology.

Citation. Kareva N.V., Pivovarov E.G. The First German Grammar in Russia: Creation and Sources. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 18-28. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.4.2

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