Vilimek V., Makhortova T.Yu., Sidorova I.G. A Model of Non-Verbal Communication Means Structuring: An Intercultural Aspect (On the Material of the Czech and Russian Cultures)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.20

Vitezslav Vilimek

PhD (Translation Studies), Senior Lecturer, Department of Slavonic Studies, University of Ostrava

Realni St., 3, 70103 Ostrava, Czech Republic

Associate Professor, Department of Translation Theory and Practice, Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9289-494X

Tatyana Yu. Makhortova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Translation Theory and Practice, Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5984-5735

Irina G. Sidorova

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Languages with a Course of Latin, Volgograd State Medical University

Pavshikh Bortsov Sq., 1, 400131 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6153-6798 


Abstract. The paper focuses on the problem of structuring of non-verbal communication in the context of studying the process of intercultural contacts. The relevance of the proposed approach to the classification of non-verbal communication means is determined by its complex feature. The authors substantiate the fact that an effective classification should take into account the achievements of several scientific disciplines having the fundamental value to the understanding of the current problem: psychology, psychophysiology, human ethology and linguistics. Also, it is necessary to take into consideration the polycode character of intercultural communication. Based on the previously published classifications, the current state of scientific knowledge on this problem, the experience of a theoretical study of this problem, and practical and didactic applications, the author propose a two-level typological model which is specially designed to compare the non-verbal behaviours of different cultures representatives. Logically, this model comprises the following categories of non-verbal communication means: paraverbal means; kinesic means; sensory perception means of communication; spatial and temporal means. To define the categories and their sub-categories the authors exemplify the means of communication with the context of interactions between representatives of the Czech and Russian cultures. The authors concluded that non-verbal means of communication should be structured taking into account the specific purpose of the study.

Key words: non-verbal communication, typology of non-verbal communication means, intercultural communication, comparative studies, national cultures, intercultural comparison.

Citation. Vilimek V., Makhortova T.Yu., Sidorova I.G. A Model of Non-Verbal Communication Means Structuring: An Intercultural Aspect (On the Material of the Czech and Russian Cultures). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 239-250. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.20

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