Shaposhnikova I.V. Dynamic Models in Sociolinguistics and Socio-Communicative Attitudes of the Russian Language Personality in the Post-Soviet Period

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.2

Irina V. Shaposhnikova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute of Philology of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences

Nikolaeva St., 8, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

Professor, Department of Intercultural Communication, Department of General and Russian Linguistics, Novosibirsk State University

Pirogova St., 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3519-1209


Abstract. The article focuses on the range of scientific issues which have been studied by sociolinguists who apply dynamic models mainly to the material of the English language. Priority is given to network models and their predecessors – the study of relationships within semantic fields. The author's observations of the circulation of the meanings as they are reflected in the Russian associative-verbal network (hereafter AVN) provide supporting evidence for the links between the dimensions of socio-communicative networks (strength, density, direction of contacts) and the emergence of favorable conditions for socially significant language changes. Sociolinguists discovered this type of correlation earlier using other methods on English materials. The instability of the social environment of the post-Soviet world manifests itself (within three generations) in the dynamics of socio-communicative attitudes concerning the ways people manipulate the bodies of language units. Thus attested shifts in motivational orientations of the Russian language personality can be studied further on as potential activators of socially conditioned language changes. The AVN materials allow scientists to consider the psychological dimensions in their interpretations of sociolinguistically significant dynamics. The use of AVN models in the light of actual (within 3-4 generations) diachrony opens up the prospect of developing associative variantology as a new branch of experimental psychosociolinguistics; the study of the circulation of word meanings in the semantic field of culture provides valuable empirical data for ethnopolitical sociolinguistics.

Key words: network models, associative verbal network, circulation of word meanings, actual diachrony, experimental psycho-sociolinguistics, ethno-political sociolinguistics.

Citation. Shaposhnikova I.V. Dynamic Models in Sociolinguistics and Socio-Communicative Attitudes of the Russian Language Personality in the Post-Soviet Period. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2019, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 24-38. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2019.3.2

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