Golovanevskiy A.L. Poetic Metonymy As a Type of Lexical Meaning and Its Reflection in Lexicographic Practice

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.22

Arkadiy L. Golovanevskiy

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor of Department of the Russian Language, Bryansk State University named after Academician I.G. Petrovsky

Bezhitskaya St., 14, 241036 Bryansk, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4023-3138


Abstract. The paper develops the theory of metonymy in the Russian language, and for the first time in Russian linguistics it is proposed to distinguish the actual and event metonymy. The actual metonymy is represented in figurative meanings of nouns that denote parts of the human body (hand, head, etc.), constructions (house, auditorium, etc.), clothes (hat, boots), metals, various containers, etc. Secondary values of place names, names of various artifacts are interpreted as event metonymy. Event metonymy is necessarily inextricably linked with time, optionally - with topos. Observations on the use of metonymy are carried out on the material of poetic works by A. S. Pushkin, F. I. Tyutchev, A. Blok, S. Esenin, E. G. Bagritsky. It is established that in the poetic texts of the twentieth century the event metonymy is used more frequently than in the works of the nineteenth century, for instance, it is represented in the poem Retribution by A. Blok. It is revealed that the meanings of lexical units as a result of event metonymy have not been recorded in the explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language, with one exception – the third edition of the dictionary of Dahl that was carried out by I. A. Baudouin de Courtenay. The conclusion is made about the necessity of lexicographical fixation of such words due to their highly informational and stylistic significance.

Key words: metonymy, metaphor, poetic text, Pushkin, Tyutchev, Blok, Esenin, Bagritsky.

Citation. Golovanevskiy A.L. Poetic Metonymy As a Type of Lexical Meaning and Its Reflection in Lexicographic Practice. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2018, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 203-209. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.22

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