Kiseleva L.A. Parameters of Language Modeling of Emotional Situations in the Literary Text

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.11

Larisa A. Kiseleva

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Professor of Department of Theory of Language and the Methods of Its Teaching, Bashkir State University

Zaki Validi St., 32, 450076 Ufa, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4875-6435


Abstract. The paper reveals the main parameters of language modeling of emotions in the literary text, such as causation, temporal localization, intensity, external manifestation. Using the material of stories of the collection Dark alleys by I.A. Bunin, we analyze lexical and phraseological designates of emotion of fear which specify these parameters. Thus, the parameter of the causality of fear combines such particular characteristics as the 'objectivity of emotion', 'internal / external causation of emotion', 'connection with the intellectual and volitional spheres', etc.; time parameter – 'temporal actuality (episodicity) / timelessness (stability) of emotion', 'static / dynamic emotion', 'phasic flow of emotion', etc. It is revealed that I.A. Bunin's prose emphasizes not only individual aspects of emotions but also specific signs within these aspects. Thus, when portraying fear, the parameter of the external expression of emotion takes the leading place, and inside it – the sign 'physiological symptomatology'. The peculiarity of the linguistic expression of these parameters is determined, on the one hand, by the systemic relations of the emotions, which are projected onto the semantic space of the text, and, on the other hand, by the associative links of these units within the specific works. In the prose of I.A. Bunin fear is described not only as a simple emotional situation, but also as a component of complex emotions, denoted by oxymorons such as the rapture of horror, fear of happiness, etc. Due to the use of such multicomponent names, the boundaries of the emotional world of heroes are widened, and the possibility of "combining" different experiences is emphasized.

Key words: emotions, emotion of fear, literary text, Ivan Bunin, semantics, language modeling, emotive.

Citation. Kiseleva L.A. Parameters of Language Modeling of Emotional Situations in the Literary Text. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2018, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 108-118. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.11

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