Fesenko О.P. Phonetic Aspect of Young People’s Speech Portrait (Exemplified by Speech of Military Institute Cadets)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.9

Olga P. Fesenko

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Professor of Department of Foreign and Russian Languages, Omsk Tank-Automotive Engineering Institute

Lermontova St., 4-12, 644024 Omsk, Russia

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Abstract. The paper deals with the reconstruction of speech portrait which is defined as a part of verbal personality, verbalized in the communication process. The purpose of our research is to analyze linguistic features of the cadet's speech portrait, which are implemented at the phonetic level. The subject of the research is the verbal picture of the cadets of a military institute. The object is its phonetic aspect. The research material is represented with dictaphone recordings of educational discourse (240 hours long). The recordings were made at the lessons of different academics for the first, the second and the third-year cadets (disciplines – Russian Language and Culture of Speech, Military History, Law). 512 cadets took part in the research. The main method is the method of scientific description with the use of the following techniques: observation, continuous sampling, classification, systemization, interpretation and statistical data processing. The cadets' speech portrait is balanced enough, but it requires certain correction as for accentological and articulatory standards. The cadets made about 70 mistakes, which are typical for the young people's speech. When modeling the cadets' speech portrait, the special attention should be given to speech delivery. Its development is one of the factors for successful communication in the military professional sphere. The research results can be the foundation for reconsideration of the content of educational standards in military specialties. The given phonetic aspect of the young people's speech portrait enlarges existing in linguodidactics concepts about the analyzed phenomenon and contributes to the development of linguodidactics and sociolinguistics. The phonetic features of the cadets' speech portrait are shared by all the young people.

Key words: speech portrait, cadet's speech portrait, phonetic aspect of speech portrait, orthoepic mistake, accentological mistake, educational discourse.

Citation. Fesenko О.P. Phonetic Aspect of Young People's Speech Portrait (Exemplified by Speech of Military Institute Cadets). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2018, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 91-98. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.9

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