Katyshev Р. A., Osadchiy M.A. A Method of Parametric Modeling in Forensic Linguistics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.3

Pavel A. Katyshev

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor of Department of General and Russian Linguistics, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St., 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

pakatyshev@pushkin.institute

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2492-6495

Mikhail A. Osadchiy

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor of Department of General and Russian Linguistics, Vice-Rector for Science, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St., 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

MAOsadchiy@pushkin.institute

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7964-9029


Abstract. The paper contains a substantiation of the method of parametric modeling used in forensic linguistics. An expert analysis procedure is described as an algorithm for evaluating texts using a closed list of parameters by standard formulas. Parametrization is the modeling of a process or phenomenon includes such items as features of a phenomenon (process), normative (prototypical) forms of each of the phenomenon features (process) manifestation, manifestation variation range which does not destroy phenomenon (process) identity. Legal risk parametrization in communication is carried out by building a parametric forensic-linguistic model of the offense. This model consists of the following components: the parameter code, parameters' list for identifying verbal offense signs, each parameter identifying verbal offense signs qualitative manifestations, each parameter identifying verbal offense signs quantitative manifestations, each parameter identifying offense verbal signs qualification indices, all identification parameters offense verbal signs indices qualification sum. A parametric model is developed on the appeal speech act example; it allows building an expert analysis algorithm that can be checked and reproduced. According to this model, we can observe the presense or the lack of linguistic offense signs under Art. 280 of the Russian Federation Criminal Code (public appeal for extremist activity). In the analysis of the call for one and verbal manifestations of extremism, a classification of calls based on the characteristics relevant to forensic linguistic expertise is proposed. 

Key words: forensic linguistics, forensic linguistic expertise, parameterization, speech act of appeal, extremism.

Citation. Katyshev Р. A., Osadchiy M.A. A Method of Parametric Modeling in Forensic Linguistics. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2018, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 24-34. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.3.3

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