Kirov Е.F. Text and Discourse in a Semiotic Relationship


Evgeniy F. Kirov

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of General and Russian Linguistics, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akademika Volgina St., 6, 117485 Moscow, Russia

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Abstract. The text and discourse are very closely related to each other, the text can be perceived as a sign of discourse in semiotic terms. This means that the text turns into a discourse in the semiosis, i.e. a symbolic situation where the addressee understands (at least minimally) the information in the text as a result of reading or listening and is exposed to a pragmatic effect. From this it can be concluded that any text is a potential discourse, and discourse is an updated text with the addressee (or addressees), who understood the content of discourse interaction, functioning as a means of achieving certain goals. As soon as the text is being to be perceived by the addressee at the time of reading, it turns into a discourse that transforms the reader or the state of affairs in the world. The concept of intertextuality entails the concept of mega-text as the totality of all texts on the same topics. In a similar way, we can talk about mega-discourse as the totality of all discourses devoted to one conceptual theme, with mega-discourse consisting of separate discourses recorded in the literature or folklore. The initial calculation of discourses can be started from discourses on one conceptual theme, for example, discourses on love, discourses on happiness, discourses on work, etc. Such discourses can be systematized by taking into account the principle of historicism, that is to start with the first discourse on a certain subject and to continue this line of development and formation of mega-discourse to the latest period, the discourse on the same conceptual theme that has emerged recently.

Key words: semiotics, text, discourse, megatext, megadiscourse, speech act, intertextuality, interdiscursivity.

Citation. Kirov Е.F. Text and Discourse in a Semiotic Relationship. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2018, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 15-25. (in Russian). DOI:

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