Solomka N.А. The Regression as the Basis of the Formation of the Innovative Meaning of Denominative Verb

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.1.8

Nadezhda A. Solomka

Postgraduate Student, Department of Russian Philology, Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7677-5051


Abstract. The paper is devoted to the relevant problem of the vocabulary development in the Russian language. The regression as one of the most popular ways of innovative meaning formation within denominative verbs is characterized using the texts of modern mass media as a source of material. The study of verbs' semantics is based on the reconstruction and comparison of hierarchically organized semantic structures of generating and derived words. Two groups of verbs-innovations are revealed depending on the semantics of the generating noun. The set of semantic components and their status in the structure of generating noun and derivative verb is defined. We prove the importance of contextual qualifiers of the action at redistribution of components of the semantic structure of the derived verb, i.e. at actualization or neutralization of individual semes, resulting in the formation of new intra-structural relations. The mechanism of innovative meaning formation in regression is characterized. The generating noun nominates the result as a single process, the verb names disparate actions, returning the recipient to the action that motivated the appearance of the generating noun's meaning. The derived verb obtaining innovative meaning, which appears in the context as a result of regression, has the potential to enter the active vocabulary as a lexical-semantic variant. This is facilitated by the components of the meaning of the generating noun, on the basis of which the meaning of the innovation verb is formed.

Key words: denominative verb, innovative meaning, semantic structure, way of meaning formation, seme, intra-structural relations, word-formation, regression.

Citation. Solomka N.А. The Regression as the Basis of the Formation of the Innovative Meaning of Denominative Verb. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2, Yazykoznanie [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics], 2018, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 76-84. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2018.1.8

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