Ryabko O.P. Space-Time Continuum of the Object in Cognitive Processes of Nomination

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2016.4.19

Olga P. Ryabko

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of English Language for Humanitarian Faculties, Southern Federal University

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Bolshaya Sadovaya St., 33, 344082 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

Abstract. The author's conception of flora nomination is based on consideration of modern flora names registered in the Oxford English dictionary and other lexicographical sources. The analysis is based on a fundamental statement about cognitive nomination being both of naive-cognitive character, thus reflecting personal knowledge of a nominator, and of science-cognitive nature, that is oriented on the system of academic knowledge; the methodological approach is comprised of statements of prototypical semantics, theme-rheme prominence theory, and the figure and background theory. The flora names (floronyms) are observed as a macrofield that is subdivided on the basis of cognitive motivation in naming into parametric, pragmatic, and locative-temporal microfields. The locative-and-temporal coordination between figure and background is reflected in location and time qualities of floronyms which explains their definition motivation and complicated naming structures. The locative qualities are presented in "nature locatives", they reflect naive-cognitive nomination, and "geographical locatives" that stand on science-cognitive basis. They define floronyms from the angle of their original micro- and macrovegetation placement. The temporal qualities of flora nomination point to human orientation in accordance with the chrono-and-time axis. It is stated that locative-time names of flora give the evidence about nominator's spatial-and-temporal type of thinking, the research verified that locative-temporal nomination of plants is associated with space-time continuum.

Key words: cognitive nomination, naive-cognitive nomination, science-cognitive nomination, flora nomination, spatial feature, temporal feature, figure- background.

Citation. Ryabko O.P. Space-Time Continuum of the Object in Cognitive Processes of Nomination. Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics, 2016, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 190-196. (in Russian). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2016.4.19

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