Ilyinova E.Yu., Kochetova L.A. Diachronic Perspective in Text and Discourse Studies: Review of Approaches

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2016.4.2

Elena Yu. Ilyinova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Department of English Philology, Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Larisa A. Kochetova

Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Head of Department of English Philology, Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article is devoted to scientific observation of historically- and socially-oriented discourse studies (historical discoursology) that are presented by means of various approaches and research traditions. The authors give a review of several well-established subfields in diachronic discourse studies of language units and text types, namely historical pragmatics, historical text linguistics, diachronic discourse analysis, with the focus on the tools and methodology employed to investigate historical changes in language-in-use practice. It is stated that in Russian linguistics the diachronic aspect of language units functioning has been studied so far within the framework of diachronic stylistics with the purpose to define via the analysis of language unit realizations semantic and functional potentials of language units and text constituents, to distinguish text composition with its dependency on social and cultural circumstances of text production, to discover synchronic / diachronic perspectives in general and specific discourse categories evolution. The authors make a suggestion that the use of corpus methods in the diachronic discourse studies might considerably enhance the perspectives of finding out some prototypical features of discourse and their historical variations, if a research is based on text collections (text data) that are being analyzed with the corpus analysis protocols, strictly set historical periods and general reference to a certain textual cultures. The clearly defined corpus data could certainly help in retrieving information on cognitive, social, cultural, pragmatic aspects of the discourse type represented in the text collection of a historical period under study. The further comparison of the data in particular historical periods and / or regional references opens the ways for discovering diachronic vectors in the discourse type development through stating changes, transformations, replacements in the discursive forms and genres.

Key words: discourse, historical discourse studies, historical linguistics, historical pragmatics, diachrony, corpus.

Citation.  Ilyinova E.Yu., Kochetova L.A. Diachronic Perspective in Text and Discourse Studies: Review of Approaches. Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Linguistics, 2016, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 18-25. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2016.4.2.

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