Deniko R.V., Shchitova O.G. FORMAL VARIABILITY OF TERMS IN THE SPHERE OF NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES

http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2015.3.14

Roman Viktorovich Deniko

Postgraduate Student, Department of Russian Language and Literature, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Olga Grigoryevna Shchitova

Doctor of Philological Sciences, Head of Department of Russian Language and Literature, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )


Abstract. The article addresses the problem of formal variability of terms in the sphere of network terminology in the Russian language. The research is based on data from the Internet communication in the sphere of network technologies. Such formal variability types as graphical, phonemic, word building and complex (graphic and phonetic, morphologic and accentual) are discussed in this article. The authors reveal the reasons for graphic variability of foreign origin terms making up the international terminological fund. These reasons cover such aspects as the use of graphics of source language and recipient language; the presence or absence of hyphenation, etc. It is determined that the phonemic variants of terms appear as a result of oral or written borrowings. The existence of such variants is also connected with the stage of their adaptation in the Russian language after borrowing. In this case the variants are related with soft or hard pronunciation of consonants. There are also some cases of phonemic variability on the graphic level. The complex variability is regarded as a part of active processes taking place in the modern Russian language, and these processes involve both native and foreign origin terms. The particular attention is paid to the word-building variants – word-building affixes the variability of which is peculiar of network technologies. The results of the research show that the variability of professional units belonging to the network technologies sublanguage is caused by the active process of borrowing of specialpurpose vocabulary into the Russian language. The process is due to the intensification of intercultural communication in the professional spheres.

Key words: network terminology, variability, formal variability, graphic, phonemic, accentual, morphological, word-building variants.

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FORMAL VARIABILITY OF TERMS IN THE SPHERE OF NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES by Deniko R.V., Shchitova O.G. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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