Dmitrieva O.I., Yankovskiy O.I. DYNAMICS OF SEMANTIC AND WORD-FORMATION SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE: HISTORICAL DYNAMICS OF THE WORD FAMILY

http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2015.3.3

Olga Ivanovna Dmitrieva

Doctor of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Russian Philology and Media Education, National Research Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevskiy ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Oleg Igorevich Yankovskiy

Postgraduate Student, Department of Russian Philology and Media Education, National Research Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevskiy ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )


Abstract. The article provides comprehensive justification of the principles and methods of the synchronic and diachronic research of word-formation subsystems of the Russian language. The authors also study the ways of analyzing historical dynamics of word family as the main macro-unit of word-formation system. In the field of analysis there is a family of words with the stem 'ход-' (the meaning of 'motion'), word-formation of which is investigated in different periods of the Russian literary language. Significance of motion-verbs in the process of forming a language picture of the world determined the character and the structure of this word family as one of the biggest in the history of the Russian language. In the article a structural and semantic dynamics of the word family 'ход-' is depicted. The results of the study show that in the ancient period the prefixes of verbal derivatives were formed, which became the apex-branched derivational paradigms existing in modern Russian. The old Russian period of language development is characterized by the appearance of words with connotative meaning (with suffixes -ishk-, -ichn-), as well as the words with possessive semantics (with suffixes –ev-, -sk-). In this period the verbs with the postfix -cz also supplement the analyzed word family. The period of formation of the National Russian language was marked by the loss of a large number of abstract nouns and the appearance of neologisms from some old Russian abstract nouns. The studied family in the modern Russian language is characterized by the following processes: the appearance of terms, the active semantic derivation, the weakening of word-formation variability, the semantic differentiation of duplicate units, the development of subsystem of words with connotative meanings, and the preservation of derivatives in all functional styles.

Key words: linguistic dynamics, dynamic word-formation, word-formation subsystem, synchronic and diachronic method, word family, word-formation paradigm.

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DYNAMICS OF SEMANTIC AND WORD-FORMATION SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE: HISTORICAL DYNAMICS OF THE WORD FAMILY by Dmitrieva O.I., Yankovskiy O.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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