Nelina I.A., Starodubtseva N.A. THE FUNCTIONAL SEMANTICS OF THE VERBS OF EMOTIONAL STATE AND EMOTIONAL EVALUATIVE ATTITUDE IN THE ORAL SPEECH OF DIALECT SPEAKERS

http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu2.2014.4.9

Nelina Irina Aleksandrovna

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Russian Language and Documentation Studies, Volgograd State University ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Starodubtseva Natalya Anatolyevna

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Russian Language and Documentation Studies, Volgograd State University ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )


Abstract. The article discusses the functional and semantic features of the verbs of emotional state and emotional evaluative attitude recorded in the lexicon of the dialect speakers – the native Cossacks and Ukrainian immigrants, who live together on the territories of the late settlement of southern Russia. The research material is collected as a result of direct interviewing during the field dialectological expeditions in 2008-2014 in Kikvidzensky, Uryupinsky and Ilovlinsky districts of Volgograd region, and represents spontaneous oral speech of informants. On the basis of the componential analysis of verbal lexemes the authors reveal the peculiarities of their use in the oral speech of dialect speakers. Besides, the role of these linguistic units as facilities that represent the human inward life was justified. These units explicate the different interrelations of the person with the reality. The verbs of emotional state and emotional evaluative attitude can show the life priorities and value systems of the researched ethnic groups in the context of oral speech. The authors distinct nuclear and peripheral means of expressing the given field unity on the basis of the following features – specialization, regularity and frequency of use. The verb of emotional state muchitsya and the verbs of emotional evaluative attitude nravitsya and druzhit are assigned to the nuclear means as they are specialized, regular and frequent in the speech of dialect speakers. These verbs are also the specialized elements in the literary language. The periphery is formed primarily by many lexical units of the literary language, as well as Ukrainianisms, conversational and vulgar verbs. Being specialized, these lexemes do not fulfil the features of regularity and frequency.

Key words: oral speech of dialect speakers, lexicon, verb, semantics, functioning, core, periphery.

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THE FUNCTIONAL SEMANTICS OF THE VERBS OF EMOTIONAL STATE AND EMOTIONAL EVALUATIVE ATTITUDE IN THE ORAL SPEECH OF DIALECT SPEAKERS by Nelina I.A., Starodubtseva N.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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